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The Pros and Cons of Some Common Roof Types

Renovating your roof can take a lot of time, effort, and expenses, so it’s important to make sure that the materials you chose complement your situation. Deciding on what type of materials to use for your roof will depend on considerations like durability, price, and how a certain type of roofing materials can weather the climate in your area.

Asphalt shingles are among the most widely used roof types because of its affordability and how easy it can be installed. They can even be installed on top of existing roof fixtures, making the whole process quick and hassle free. However, despite being fire-resistant and lightweight, asphalt shingles can deteriorate faster than most other types of roofing.

An alternative to asphalt shingles are those made of wood. While wooden shingles or shakes can be a bit more expensive, they can provide good better insulation than most other types of roofing materials. Unfortunately, considering how easy it is for wood to become damaged and rot over time, using wooden shingles isn’t the most ideal roofing solution for humid climates.

Those that want to make use of roof types that don’t require as much maintenance as asphalt and wooden shingles can make use of tiled roofing. Tiles are the most flexible in terms of aesthetic design, and you can be sure to find something that will suit the style of your home. The only down side to this type of flexibility is the price tag. Tiles are also much heavier than other roofing materials, requiring extra support from the roof framing.

Metal roofing is another good alternative that’s only slightly more expensive that asphalt shingles. Best of all, it provides the most effective solution in protecting a structure from fire, rotting, and other environmental factors. Unfortunately, metal roofs can make a lot of noise during particularly strong rainstorms.

There are many other types of roofing materials you can use for your home. Restorations and renovations aren’t one man jobs, however, so it would be best to consult with expert contractors to find out more about what will work best for your home’s structure. The experts at Best Roofing provide excellent service in Miami, Fort Lauderdale, and other nearby areas in Florida.

Types of Brain Injuries Explained

Brain injuries result from a wide range of accidents such as slip and falls, car accidents, boating accidents, and other daily accidents. According to the website of Mazin & Associates, PC, injuries can range from mild to extremely severe. It will depend on the type and amount of force that affects the head. It may have an impact on one, several, or all areas of the brain. Here we will look at the different types of brain injury.

Traumatic Brain Injury

From the name itself, traumatic brain injury results from a trauma to the head. This may range from various causes such as road traffic accidents, assault, falls, and accidents at home or work. When suffering from traumatic brain injury, an individual experiences a period of unconsciousness, or feels sick and dizzy. According to estimates, traumatic brain injuries represent 75 – 80% of all head injuries.

The effects of traumatic brain injury may depend on several factors which may include the type, location, and severity of injury. It may have various symptoms ranging from physical, emotional, and behavioral effects. For symptoms that persist or cause problems, the injured individual may require rehabilitation.

Acquired Brain Injury

Acquired brain injury results from strokes, tumors, anoxia, hypoxia, toxins, degenerative diseases, and/or conditions not necessarily caused by an external force. The World Health Organization defines acquired brain injury as damage which occurs after birth and is not associated with congenital or degenerative diseases.

Acquired brain injuries can bring changes in an individual’s functioning in the area of physical, cognitive, emotional, and social. These types of brain injuries results from lack of oxygen to the brain, infections in the brain, or toxic exposure. Acquired brain injuries may cause slurred speech, fatigue and sleep difficulties. The injured individual can become easily distracted and may exhibit poor memory.

Socially, acquired brain injuries may cause an individual to isolate themselves from others because of feeling different and being treated differently.

How To Immigrate To The United States

The United States is one of the most popular when it comes to relocation. Foreign nationals prefer the US because it offers a lot of opportunities. A report by the Center for Immigration Studies revealed that immigration in the United States hit a record high 42.1 million in the second quarter of 2015, an increase of 1.7 million in the same period the previous year. Likewise, immigrants comprise 13.3 percent of the country’s total population, which is the largest in 105 years.

However, relocating to the United States is not that easy. It is a long and complicated process. According to the website of Amlaw Global, there are different kinds of visa that are available to foreign nationals who are looking to move themselves and their families to the United States. To qualify for migration to the United States, you first need an immigrant visa. Here are the different ways you can get an immigrant visa:

1. Work in the Country

Working in the United States is one of the ways you can become a green card holder. US employers who are short of workers hire foreign workers to fill up vacancies and sponsor them for lawful status. If you are a skilled worker in science, technology, engineering, math, and other fields, this is your opportunity to become an American citizen.

2. Get Petitioned By A Family Member

If you are the spouse, child, parent, or sibling of a US citizen, they can file a petition to make you an American citizen. Family-based visas are divided into immediate family and family preference immigrant visas.

3. Set-up a business

Another way to become a citizen in the United States is to invest in a business there. This is the EB-5 visa and is one of the quickest ways to become a US citizen.

4. Enter The Lottery

If you do not have job offers or relatives in the United States, you can still have an opportunity to relocate to the US and that is through the lottery system. Every year around 50,000 green cards are being issued to people who win in the Green Card Lottery Program.

These are the available ways you can become an American citizen and live in the United States.

Reckless Driving Accidents

There is no denying that car accidents along with other automobile injuries are a significant problem in the USA. As pointed out by the U.S. Census Bureau, there was on average 10.6 million motor vehicle injuries between the years 2004 and 2009. Rash driving is among the most frequent causes for these mishaps to happen. Drivers who become irresponsible when operating their vehicles can end up causing disastrous accidents which could leave long-term outcomes for the sufferers.

In the majority of states across the U.S., reckless driving is normally understood to be a motorist’s “willful or wanton disregard for the security of persons and property” while using their car. Traffic offenses involving improper and thoughtless driving fall under this class, along with infractions produced by motorists who operate their vehicles without proper care and consideration. Speeding is included by definite examples of rash driving, ignoring indicators and traffic lights, failing to signal to additional automobiles through the utilization of blinkers, along with racing with other automobiles on the highway. In some select states, having flawed rests as well as additional vital vehicle technicians could also be viewed as dangerous driving.

Reckless driving injuries may vary in their severity. You will find times when such errors that are irresponsible can cause a mild rear-end collision. Nevertheless, there are also moments when rash driving violations may cause severe car failures like rollover accidents. According to the website of Habush Habush & Rottier S.C. ®, injuries common to such types of significant crashes include broken bones, brain trauma, neck and spinal injuries, internal tissue damage, and internal hemorrhage. Meanwhile, mild crashes can lead to strains and lacerations.

Generally, dangerous driving is considered a misdemeanor crime. If charged, an individual that perpetrated a rash driving violation may end up being forced to spend a significant amount of time in jail, pay substantial charges, as well as have her or his driver’s license suspended or revoked.

The Devastating Causes of Wrongful Death

For most people, very few experiences can be considered as devastating as losing having to lose a loved one in an unexpected and tragic accident. The grief caused by such an event can be devastating, especially when the victim’s family is forced to face the circumstances that led to their loved one’s wrongful death. Knowing that the tragedy could have been prevented if not for the negligent actions of a specific person or party can add to the pain that family and friends are already dealing with. Fortunately, those left mourning for their loved one can find reprieve by pursuing a civil lawsuit against the person established to be at fault. By holding responsible parties at fault accountable for their irresponsible and careless actions, those affected by wrongful death cases can ensure that it will happen less and less frequently.

Grieving families can find the closure they need to move on from their tragedy by pursuing legal action against the party whose negligent actions led to the accident responsible for their loved one’s death. The law recognizes a multitude of scenarios where a group, organization, or individual can be held accountable for the wrongful death of another person. According to the website of the Jeff Sampson Law Firm, the most common scenarios include medical malpractice, vehicular accidents, product liability, premises liability, and workplace accidents.

Aside from the victim’s immediate family members, the law also allows a few other parties to pursue a wrongful death claim. These individuals are identified as the real parties in interest, consisting of the immediate family, victim’s spouse or partner, and named financial dependents. Depending on specific state laws, the aforementioned are usually given only a specific period of time—called the statute of limitations—in order to pursue their claims. Should their case be successful, interested parties are expected to receive just compensation in order to cover financial expenses caused by the victim’s untimely death. Expenses can include medical charges, funeral costs, and loss of income.

Motorcycle Accidents

From January to September 2013 motorcyclist fatalities numbered to 3,638, a little less than the 2012 4,046 count during the same months. The Governors Highway Safety Association (GHSA) says, however, that the decline is neither due to riders’ improved riding skills nor motorists’ better observance of road safety rules, but rather because of bad weather conditions, specifically the long and cold winter.

The total number of motorcyclist fatalities for the year 2012 was actually 4,957, while for serious injuries, 93,000. According to the GHSA the factors that contributed to the accidents included: intoxication (with a blood alcohol concentration level of more than the 0.08% limit); speeding; and, not wearing of helmet. Two other GHSA data said that half of the total number of accidents was single motorcycle accidents, which means that no other vehicle was involved, while close to one fourth concerned riders who did not possess a valid motorcycle license.

Both the GHSA and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) emphasize the importance of wearing a helmet when riding as this is remains to be the best way to prevent serious injuries and death. In fact, NHTSA records reveal that the number of motorcyclist fatalities in states with no helmet law was 10 times greater than in states that had a helmet law. Currently, only 19 states have a helmet law, which requires both riders and passengers to wear one each. Other states either only require the wearing of a helmet by children or make no requirements at all.

Expert riders from various accredited motorcycle associations in the US encourage all other riders, especially those who are just learning, to take a basic rider course from professional schools where they will be taught correct riding skills and tips to avoid accidents. For more than just learning how to ride a motorbike well, a rider will also need to learn how to be keenly observant of every road situation and any possible risks of accident which can be due to road defects and hazards, or the failure or refusal of other motorists to recognize motorcyclists’ right of way.

In cases of accidents wherein another person (can be another negligent driver or a person who fails to perform his/her job of making sure that roads are cleared of debris or defect) is liable, it will be wise for motorcyclists to contact a personal injury lawyer, who will help them assess their case and advise them on the best legal option that may be worth pursuing for the compensation that they may be entitled to receive.

The site of the Law Offices of Crowe & Mulvey, LLC , has information on the many issues that motorcycle accident victims could be interested to know.

Drawbacks and Benefits of Chapter 7 Bankruptcy

Sometimes you just want to throw up your hands and give up when the going gets really tough, and there are instances when that is precisely what you need to do. There are times when it is just better to cut your losses and start fresh. That is the main purpose of Chapter 7 of the Bankruptcy Law designed to help and protect debtors who are in dire financial distress. As bankruptcy lawyer Erin B. Shank, P.C. points out on her website, coping with overwhelming debt can be physically, emotionally and mentally exhausting.

However, deciding to file for bankruptcy is a big step and should be undertaken with full knowledge of what you are getting into. Here are two of the major drawbacks and benefits you can expect when filing for Chapter 7 bankruptcy

Credit Score

Declaring any kind of bankruptcy is sure to affect your credit, and a Chapter 7 filing will usually remain on your record for 10 years. However, if you don’t file for bankruptcy and fail to meet your financial obligations, it will hurt your credit anyway, and bankruptcy is something that is easier to explain than multiple hits on your score. You can slowly rebuild your credit if you don’t fall into the same traps as before, such as huge credit card debts or a ruinous mortgage.

Property

Under Chapter 7, you agree to liquidate all your non-exempt assets in order to pay what you can to your creditor, so you may lose some of your prized possessions. On the other hand, state exemptions will let you keep at least the basics such as your primary residence, a vehicle, clothes, furniture, and even jewelry up to a certain value. While you may lose your stamp collection, you will discharge most of your debts. You can always accumulate property again once you get clear of Chapter 7 which creditors cannot touch.

Each bankruptcy case is different, and each state has its own set of bankruptcy rules. You should consult with a bankruptcy lawyer in your state for a more comprehensive assessment of your case.

Following in the Footsteps: The Saga of the Xarelto Lawsuit

It should not come as a surprise that the first Xarelto lawsuit has been filed barely three years after the anticoagulant drug was approved in July 2011 by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) initially as prophylactic treatment for patients that had recently undergone hip or knee replacement surgery and later for atrial fibrillation, pulmonary embolism, and deep vein thrombosis. After all, its predecessor though not class-mate Pradaxa (dabigatran) from Boehringer Ingelheim got FDA approval in 2010 is already knee-deep in lawsuits for bleeding side effects. Why should manufacturer Bayer Corp. and US distributor Janssen Ortho LLC (a division of Johnson & Johnson) expect anything different?

Both Xarelto and Pradaxa are alternatives to the standard anticoagulant medication warfarin, which proved its efficacy in reducing the incidence of blood clots as far back as 1950. The problem with warfarin was that it was difficult to administer; it required regular monitoring and frequent dosage adjustments to account for interactions with certain foods. Xarelto and Pradaxa, on the other hand, were taken once a day and did not require regular monitoring for safe use. On the downside, both Xarelto and Pradaxa have no known reversal agent unlike warfarin which could be effectively and immediately counteracted with a dose of Vitamin K, so when a patient starts bleeding in reaction to a dose of either Xarelto or Pradaxa, they’ll continue bleeding until the drug flushes out of the system. Not good.

Xarelto is a direct factor Xa (10-a) inhibitor, also known as a xaban, a class of anticoagulants that acts directly on factor Xa of the coagulation cascade. Pradaxa, on the other hand, is a direct thrombin inhibitor. This difference makes no difference, so to speak; both classes of anticoagulants share the same problem of uncontrollable bleeding with no way of reversing it. Warfarin also had this issue, but it could be reversed.

If you have suffered serious injuries from using Xarelto which was supposed to be safer than warfarin then you may have a personal injury case against Janssen and Bayer. Contact a dangerous drugs lawyer in your area to find out if you qualify for and how to file a Xarelto lawsuit.

Laser Hair Removal

Considering only those performed by board-certified otolaryngologists, dermatologists and plastic surgeons, the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery was able to record 901,571 hair removal procedures in 2013 in the US (part of the more than 11 million cosmetic surgical and non-surgical treatments in the same year, which is 12 percent increase from 2012).

Beauty and good looks make one much more confident; but with the perfectly smooth skin and stunning beauty that laser hair removal can provide, a person’s level of confidence is sure to soar.

Laser hair removal, which was introduced during the latter part of the 1990s and approved by the US Food and Drug Administration subsequently, is a minimally-invasive cosmetic procedure for the permanent reduction of hair. Compared to other hair removal procedures, such as tweezing, shaving, waxing and electrolysis, laser hair removal is faster, much more effective in permanently reducing the hairs of the body, and painless.

The website of Bergman Folkers Plastic Surgery talks about the use of the CynoSure Elite, the latest in laser hair removal technology which has consistently displayed unmatched efficiency in removing unwanted hair, as well as client comfort. Working on the Cynosure’s Elite Aesthetic Workstation, board-certified surgeons are also enabled to perform the hair removal procedure on anyone, regardless of his/her type of skin.

Laser hair removal can be performed on parts of the body (including the face, arms, legs, underarm and bikini line) where unwanted hair has grown; it involves the use of a laser that is designed to radiate intense light on the skin. This light is supposedly absorbed by the hair follicles’ pigments, destroying hair in the process. Since hair grows in cycles, however, only active follicles would be affected by the light. Due to this, as well as to individual differences in the density of hair, the number of procedures, to achieve desired results, will definitely vary among clients. While some clients will require only about four procedures, other may need as many as six. Each procedure, though, will have to be done 4 to 8 weeks apart from each other.

Experts in cosmetic procedures, as well as the website of Bergman Folkers Plastic Surgery, gives only one strong advice to clients – that whatever type of procedure is to be performed (but more so if it is a surgical procedure), make sure that the person who will conduct it is board-certified in plastic and reconstructive surgery, for optimum safety and the best results.

Drunk Driving and Trucking Accidents

Driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs (DUI) is a serious crime anywhere in the U.S., but it has even graver consequences when the driver happens to be a truck or other professional types of driver. A single DUI conviction can lead to the suspension or revocation of a commercial driver’s license (CDL) without which a professional driver cannot make a living.

A number of trucking accidents have been caused by drunk driving, either the truck driver or the other guy. When an accident occurs and impaired driving is suspected, the first thing that the authorities are going to do is to measure the blood alcohol content (BAC) of all parties involved, not just the drivers. This is standard procedure for CDL holders involved in an accident based on federal regulations. This is an important piece of evidence which can be used to prove innocence one way or the other.

In the event that the BAC results are not in favor of a driver, it is important not to panic but to engage the services of an experienced DUI lawyer in the area at once. The driver charged with a DUI or DWI should not say or admit anything, but to leave it to the lawyer to get the facts, decide on the best possible defense and to advise accordingly. In any state, but especially in Texas, the attitude towards drunk driving is one of intolerance, so it is important that an aggressive defense is mounted to overcome the natural bias of the legal system against drunk drivers.

CDL holders particularly should have no hesitation about engaging a tough lawyer experienced in handling DUI cases. Aside from the criminal consequences, it would mean hardship for the CDL holder and dependents if the charge is turned into a conviction as it would mean no income. There are also civil liabilities to consider once fault is established (via a conviction) if injury and/or death resulted from the accident.

While the injury case may be very difficult for a driver to dispute, it is possible to successfully fight the criminal DWI charges such an accident may result in. There are numerous aspects of a DWI conviction that can be disputed in court. This includes the methods used to determine whether or not a person was drunk at the time of the accident as well as the condition of the tools officers use for that task. With the help of a competent attorney, a person responsible for an accident may be able to contend that he or she was not drunk at the time.

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