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Types of Brain Injuries Explained

Brain injuries result from a wide range of accidents such as slip and falls, car accidents, boating accidents, and other daily accidents. According to the Toronto Personal injury lawyers of Mazin & Associates, PC, injuries can range from mild to extremely severe. It will depend on the type and amount of force that affects the head. It may have an impact on one, several, or all areas of the brain. Here we will look at the different types of brain injury. Traumatic Brain Injury From the name itself, traumatic brain injury results from a trauma to the head. This may range from various causes such as road traffic accidents, assault, falls, and accidents at home or work. When suffering from traumatic brain injury, an individual experiences a period of unconsciousness, or feels sick and dizzy. According to estimates, traumatic brain injuries represent 75 – 80% of all head injuries. The effects of traumatic brain injury may depend on several factors which may include the type, location, and severity of injury. It may have various symptoms ranging from physical, emotional, and behavioral effects. For symptoms that persist or cause problems, the injured individual may require rehabilitation. Acquired Brain Injury Acquired brain injury results from strokes, tumors, anoxia, hypoxia, toxins, degenerative diseases, and/or conditions not necessarily caused by an external force. The World Health Organization defines acquired brain injury as damage which occurs after birth and is not associated with congenital or degenerative diseases. Acquired brain injuries can bring changes in an individual’s functioning in the area of physical, cognitive, emotional, and social. These types of brain injuries results from lack of oxygen to the brain, infections in the brain, or toxic exposure. Acquired brain injuries may cause slurred speech, fatigue and sleep difficulties. The injured individual can become easily distracted and may exhibit poor memory. Socially, acquired brain injuries may...
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The Devastating Causes of Wrongful Death

For most people, very few experiences can be considered as devastating as losing having to lose a loved one in an unexpected and tragic accident. The grief caused by such an event can be devastating, especially when the victim’s family is forced to face the circumstances that led to their loved one’s wrongful death. Knowing that the tragedy could have been prevented if not for the negligent actions of a specific person or party can add to the pain that family and friends are already dealing with. Fortunately, those left mourning for their loved one can find reprieve by pursuing a civil lawsuit against the person established to be at fault. By holding responsible parties at fault accountable for their irresponsible and careless actions, those affected by wrongful death cases can ensure that it will happen less and less frequently. Grieving families can find the closure they need to move on from their tragedy by pursuing legal action against the party whose negligent actions led to the accident responsible for their loved one’s death. The law recognizes a multitude of scenarios where a group, organization, or individual can be held accountable for the wrongful death of another person. According to the website of the Jeff Sampson Law Firm, the most common scenarios include medical malpractice, vehicular accidents, product liability, premises liability, and workplace accidents. Aside from the victim’s immediate family members, the law also allows a few other parties to pursue a wrongful death claim. These individuals are identified as the real parties in interest, consisting of the immediate family, victim’s spouse or partner, and named financial dependents. Depending on specific state laws, the aforementioned are usually given only a specific period of time—called the statute of limitations—in order to pursue their claims. Should their case be successful, interested parties are expected to receive just compensation in order to...
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Motorcycle Accidents

From January to September 2013 motorcyclist fatalities numbered to 3,638, a little less than the 2012 4,046 count during the same months. The Governors Highway Safety Association (GHSA) says, however, that the decline is neither due to riders’ improved riding skills nor motorists’ better observance of road safety rules, but rather because of bad weather conditions, specifically the long and cold winter. The total number of motorcyclist fatalities for the year 2012 was actually 4,957, while for serious injuries, 93,000. According to the GHSA the factors that contributed to the accidents included: intoxication (with a blood alcohol concentration level of more than the 0.08% limit); speeding; and, not wearing of helmet. Two other GHSA data said that half of the total number of accidents was single motorcycle accidents, which means that no other vehicle was involved, while close to one fourth concerned riders who did not possess a valid motorcycle license. Both the GHSA and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) emphasize the importance of wearing a helmet when riding as this is remains to be the best way to prevent serious injuries and death. In fact, NHTSA records reveal that the number of motorcyclist fatalities in states with no helmet law was 10 times greater than in states that had a helmet law. Currently, only 19 states have a helmet law, which requires both riders and passengers to wear one each. Other states either only require the wearing of a helmet by children or make no requirements at all. Expert riders from various accredited motorcycle associations in the US encourage all other riders, especially those who are just learning, to take a basic rider course from professional schools where they will be taught correct riding skills and tips to avoid accidents. For more than just learning how to ride a motorbike well, a rider will also need...
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Following in the Footsteps: The Saga of the Xarelto Lawsuit

It should not come as a surprise that the first Xarelto lawsuit has been filed barely three years after the anticoagulant drug was approved in July 2011 by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) initially as prophylactic treatment for patients that had recently undergone hip or knee replacement surgery and later for atrial fibrillation, pulmonary embolism, and deep vein thrombosis. After all, its predecessor though not class-mate Pradaxa (dabigatran) from Boehringer Ingelheim got FDA approval in 2010 is already knee-deep in lawsuits for bleeding side effects. Why should manufacturer Bayer Corp. and US distributor Janssen Ortho LLC (a division of Johnson & Johnson) expect anything different? Both Xarelto and Pradaxa are alternatives to the standard anticoagulant medication warfarin, which proved its efficacy in reducing the incidence of blood clots as far back as 1950. The problem with warfarin was that it was difficult to administer; it required regular monitoring and frequent dosage adjustments to account for interactions with certain foods. Xarelto and Pradaxa, on the other hand, were taken once a day and did not require regular monitoring for safe use. On the downside, both Xarelto and Pradaxa have no known reversal agent unlike warfarin which could be effectively and immediately counteracted with a dose of Vitamin K, so when a patient starts bleeding in reaction to a dose of either Xarelto or Pradaxa, they’ll continue bleeding until the drug flushes out of the system. Not good. Xarelto is a direct factor Xa (10-a) inhibitor, also known as a xaban, a class of anticoagulants that acts directly on factor Xa of the coagulation cascade. Pradaxa, on the other hand, is a direct thrombin inhibitor. This difference makes no difference, so to speak; both classes of anticoagulants share the same problem of uncontrollable bleeding with no way of reversing it. Warfarin also had this issue, but it could be reversed....
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The Tragedy of Preventable Car Accidents

Statistics show that of the 211 children aged 14 years and younger who died in drunk driving car accidents in 2010, more than half were in the vehicle with the drunk driver. The sudden death of a child is tragic in itself, but when it results from the irresponsibility of a friend or family member, it is doubly so. Incidents caused by negligence can be life-altering, affecting everyone involved, but especially for victims and their families. It is a fact that more than 300,000 vehicular accidents occur every year in the U.S., and not all of them are due to negligence. But the majority of these accidents are due to driver error, so whenever one takes a vehicle on the road, the driver has a duty of care to those with whom he or she shares the road, including other vehicles and pedestrians. It is easy to forget how horrendous the consequences of a few seconds of inattention or failing to follow rules of the road can be until it actually happens, and by then it is too late. Car and truck accidents that result in injury or death often involve long-term physical pain, extensive and costly medical care, financial hardship, and emotional distress. Even when intoxication is not a factor, driving practices such as texting while driving, distracted driving, speeding, and driving while fatigued are all examples of negligence that need to be forcefully addressed. These are incredibly irresponsible driving behaviors that all too often cause serious accidents. There have been too many innocent lives cut short as a result of poor driving habits that are essentially a function of human impatience. If you or a close family member has been injured or died because the driver was careless, intoxicated, or otherwise negligent, it is your responsibility to put a stop to such behavior. Consult a personal injury...
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